Many professionals and individuals that specialize in a specific area, such as drivers, nurses, midwives, teachers, lawyers, accountants, and doctors, are required to obtain licenses to practice in their line of work.
These licenses, known as occupational licenses, have specific requirements that must be met in order to obtain and maintain them. This often includes education, training, and passing standardized exams. Once obtained, professionals must fulfill ongoing requirements such as continuing education to ensure they stay updated in their field.
Occupational licenses serve to protect the public by ensuring professionals have the necessary skills and knowledge to provide safe and effective services. They also help regulate the profession and maintain professional standards. However, there is ongoing debate about the potential barriers to entry and the need for reform in the licensing process.